FOR THOSE WHO HAVE NOT BEEN FOLLOWING THE PATH OF THE SOLAR POWERED AIRPLANE, SOLAR IMPULSE. THE SOLAR POWERED AIRPLANE SAFELY LANDED IN STLOUIS AT LAMBERT AIRPORT LAST NIGHT-AFTER A 21 HOUR 21 MINUTE FLIGHT!
Come and see Solar Impulse’s solar airplane, HB-SIA, at Lambert – St. Louis International Airport.
Keeping the pilot awake- Bertrand landed at Lambert-St. Louis International airport at 01:28 AM CDT (UTC-5), Tuesday June 4th, completing hislongest ever flight (21 hours 21 minutes).
The mobile hangar, a concept developed by Solar Impulse and being used for the first time during a mission, is setup and waiting to welcome the solar aircraft in its cocoon as soon as the Ground Crew haul it off the runway. This inflatable hangar was deployed after the one provided by Lambert-St. Louis was rendered inoperable by violent storms that struck the city and the airport this past weekend.
St. Louis was chosen as the destination for the third leg of this Across America mission for historic and symbolic reasons. St. Louis is best known for the “Spirit of St. Louis” who, piloted by Charles Lindbergh in 1927 completed the first non-stop flight from New York to Paris. This flight was made possible by St. Louis businessmen including the namesake of Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, Albert Bond Lambert.
During today’s flight, there were a couple of memorable calls from the ground to the cockpit. This first one was from Erik Lindbergh, Charles’ grandson. They had a chance to discuss the importance of exploration and of inspiring younger generations to take a chance and become pioneers of and for the future. They also got to exchange thoughts on the future of aviation while they spoke about meeting again in Washington D.C. at the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum under Erik’s grandfather’s “Spirit of St. Louis” and Bertrand’s “Breitling Orbiter”.
The other call was from Alan Nichols, President of the Explorer’s Club. He said he wished he could be up there, with Bertrand. At every stopover, chapters of the Explorer’s Club organized visits to see the solar airplane and they will hold a reception for Solar Impulse in New York City. Flag n°50 of the Club is travelling with André and Bertrand Across America – The same flag travelled to Morocco onboard HB-SIA during the 2012 Crossing Frontiers mission.
The best part of the flight, however, was the incredible response rate we got from Solar Impulse supporters who took to heart the call to “Keep the Pilot Awake”. A campaign launched by our Social Media and Community Engagement manager, Elâ Borschberg, over 600 people (and counting) responded with words of encouragement, via email, to the pilot and, more importantly, jokes to make him laugh.
In the preceding post on-Less Weight Equals More Horsepower I used the comparison on how the US Automakers figured out how to make our Automobiles use less gas by lightening the vehicles weights which increased horsepower which equates into less Petrol needed for operation and how the same principles can be applied to a Buildings Energy Use and Needs. The principles I will be blogging about applies to any building-Residential or Commercial and can be used to give your Bank Account More Horsepower!
Lets start by going room by room and looking around at all the Gadgets/Appliances that are using electricity. Simple DIY Energy Audits -that anyone can perform on your building. Keep in Mind the Following two bullet points when Inspecting the Gadgets and Appliances.
What Gadgets or Appliances in your building are always on and consuming energy? This is Vampire Power [i].
Rule of Thumb? “ If your appliances are old enough to Vote it needs replaced with a newer Energy Star Appliance. [ii] ”
Here are examples of my energy use for my buildings for my DIY Energy Audit Home Office Location (Home Office).
I performed a Room by Room walk-thru inspecting taking notes of everything that used electricity. (When I’m performing a Computerized Energy Audit using Equest Software I log the information into the program and it does the math for me plus outlines areas for improvement with ROI for all costs involved.) But we’re going Old School on this Energy Audit and you will only need a basic calculator or pen and notepad.
The Benefits of Performing an Old School Energy Audit by hand and figuring things by hand is the A-Hah Moment of Energy Use- you will gain a greater understanding of:
watts of energy, kilo watts, how watts and kilowatts translate into dollars.
Time in UseHrs / day
Electricity UsedMeasured in watts
Vampire PowerYes or No
FORMULA FOR ESTIMATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION
(Wattage × Hours Used Per Day= total watts )
Cost to Operate in St Louis using Ameren UE combined electricity rate plus service fees =.11/w1 kilowatt (kW) = 1,000 Watts (total watts ÷ 1000 = Daily Kilowatt-hour (kWh) consumption) x $.11= Amount in $.
Bedroom 1(hours per day spent sleeping 8.7)
2-Lights- 3 bulbs ave 65 W
Bedroom 2 [which has dual functions in my Residence as Home Office and
Lights-1 overhead with 2 light bulbs-2 desktop lights Ave W of 40×3= 120 w
CPU – awake / asleep = 120 / 30 or less
Monitor – awake / asleep = 150 / 30 or less
Laptop = 50
Radio (stereo) = 70–400
Refrigerator (frost-free, 16 cubic feet) = 725
19″ = 65–110
27″ = 113
36″ = 133
53″ – 61″ Projection = 170
Flat screen = 120
Toaster = 800–1400
Toaster oven = 1225
VCR/DVD = 17–21 / 20–25
Vacuum cleaner = 1000–1440
Water heater (40 gallon) = 4500–5500
Water pump (deep well) = 250–1100
Water bed (with heater, no cover) = 120–380
FORMULA FOR ESTIMATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION-Use this formula to estimate an appliance’s energy use:
(Wattage × Hours Used Per Day) ÷ 1000 = Daily Kilowatt-hour (kWh) consumption
1 kilowatt (kW) = 1,000 Watts
Multiply this by the number of days you use the appliance during the year for the annual consumption in kWh per year.
ESTIMATING ANNUAL COST TO RUN AN APPLIANCE
Multiply the annual consumption in kWh per year (that you calculated above) by your local utility’s rate per kWh consumed to calculate the annual cost to run an appliance. Note: To estimate the number of hours that a refrigerator actually operates at its maximum wattage, divide the total time the refrigerator is plugged in by three. Refrigerators, although turned “on” all the time, actually cycle on and off as needed to maintain interior temperatures.
This would be my 2nd recommendation of type of material used in building a deck.
Redwood: I would never build anything out of this kind of wood. It takes too long for these trees to develop and what is still growing has its own ecosystem of hundreds of various species all living in and around the tree.
Cedar Lumber-Would be my top choice of Lumber Used-When Building a New Deck
Cedar trees grow locally and could be sourced from local sawmills. Keeping $Money$ in our Local Communities! Some of the benefits of this type of wood is the natural pest fighting aspects of the Cedar Oil:
It is used as an insect repellent. (which is why Cedar Chests are still being made and still used when building closets)
a) It is resistant to decay and hence is suitable to build outdoor furniture.
b) In ancient times, it was used to preserve dead bodies.
c) It is used as incense in temples.
d) It is used as aromatic oil, because its woody odor works as a sedative and effectively treats stress and anxiety in people.
e) Due to its aroma, it is used as an ingredient in perfumes.
f) It is used for preservation of spices.
g) It is used as an antibacterial.
h) Its health benefits include effectively treating respiratory infections.
i) It is beneficial to hair, as it helps eliminate dandruff and protects the hair against hair fall and graying.
j) It also effectively treats skin infections such as acne.
k) It is also used in treating arthritis, especially rheumatoid.
l) It is also used for its antiseptic property.
Uses Of Cedar Wood
The cedar wood is lightweight and used for construction of homes and furniture. It is eco-friendly. The wood from various kinds of cedar trees is used for different purposes.
a) It is resistant to decay and hence is suitable to build outdoor furniture.
b) It produces aesthetically beautiful furniture.
c) It is easy to work with as it is lightweight and doesn’t crack or split easily.
d) It is highly durable.
e) It can absorb sound effectively, so are used in building roof shingles.
f) It is a good insulator; hence, when a home is built using cedar wood, it helps keep the home warm in winter and cool in summer.
g) Though its color fades after a while, it can easily be restored.
h) It doesn’t spread fire easily hence it is suited for building purposes.
i) It is a natural anti-termite, which is it prevents furniture from rotting.
j) Due to its lightweight and strength, western red cedar is used to make guitars.
Metal Bracing and Fasteners– (as required by:St Louis Building Codes) is used in places where the different building components are connected. One of the benefits of this type of metal is that the metal is recyclable when the project has reached its lifetime usefulness.
Paints, Stains, and Varnishes are normally used in Deck Building. Each has its own benefits. I suggest High Quality Paints for Low Care Situations such as Behr Paints which were used in this project: Saving a Deck from the Landfill.
The property in the photos is an investment property Clifton Heights Neighborhood. This building had some great features with: 2 Sun Porches-one for each apartment, Hardwood Floors throughout the 2-3 Bedroom Apartments, Garages for Each Apartment, Basement and Fenced in Yard with Plenty of Space. For rental Information contact: Tempel Appraisals, Inc
Solar PanelsA solar panel (also solar module, photovoltaic module or photovoltaic panel) is a packaged, connected assembly of photovoltaic cells. The solar panel can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each panel is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions, and typically ranges from 100 to 320 watts. The efficiency of a panel determines the area of a panel given the same rated output – an 8% efficient 230 watt panel will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt panel. Because a single solar panel can produce only a limited amount of power, most installations contain multiple panels. A photovoltaic system typically includes an array of solar panels, an inverter, and sometimes abattery and or solar tracker and interconnection wiring.
Smart MeterMonitoring and meteringThe metering must be able to accumulate energy units in both directions or two meters must be used. Many meters accumulate bidirectionally, some systems use two meters, but a unidirectional meter (with detent) will not accumulate energy from any resultant feed into the grid.In some countries, for installations over 30kWp a frequency and a voltage monitor with disconnection of all phases is required. This is done to prevent supplying excess power to the grid, in the unusual case where more solar power is being generated than can be accommodated by the utility, and can not either be exported or stored. Grid operators historically have needed to provide transmission lines and generation capacity. Now they need to also provide storage. This is normally hydro-storage, but other means of storage are used. Initially storage was used so that baseload generators could operate at full output. With variable renewable energy, storage is needed to allow power generation whenever it is available, and consumption whenever it is needed. The two variables a grid operator have are storing electricity for when it is needed, or transmitting it to where it is needed. If both of those fail, installations over 30kWp can automatically shut done, although in practice all inverters maintain voltage regulation and stop supplying power if the load is inadequate. Grid operators have the option of curtailing excess generation from large systems, although this is more commonly done with wind power than solar power, and results in a substantial loss of revenue. Inverters have the unique option of supplying reactive power which can be advantageous in matching load requirements.
The construction industry’s leading researcher explains why what we think is true often isn’t, and how some of our best hunches, based on observation of field performance, have paid off with problem-free attic assemblies. by William B. Rose …
-Attic Insulation-I’ve put a little information to help assist in explaining ‘Attic Insulation for a Home’. I take a whole house approach to improve a Home’s Energy Reduction Needs. The Attic Area and Attic insulation being just …
Attic Insulation. – Proper Insulation Levels in your Attic coupled with Ventilation will save you Money on your Energy Bills. Certified Insulation Installer for: Batt Type, Spray Foam, Loose Fill-. Green and Eco Friendly options are always available.
Lack of Insulation In the Attic; Air Infiltration from the Interior of the House into the Attic Area; Uninsulated Heating Ducts inside the Attic. Scotts Contracting can Inspect your Attic for Proper: Insulation Levels; Adequate Ventilation; Uninsulated …
Attic Insulation-I’ve put a little information to explain Attic Insulation for a Home. It takes a whole house approach to Reduce a Home’s Energy Needs. The Attic Area and Attic insulation being just one area. When Combined with a Green …
Snow on Roof-Opportunity to Check Insulation Level. This last snow we received yesterday is the perfect opportunity to see if your attic is properly insulated. Take a look at the Roof of your Home. -Lack of Snow on your Roof is a sure indication …
With my Preliminary Figures using a Guesstimate ($400) on your current Energy Bill and using the Dept of Energy’s Estimate of 20% Savings for attic retrofits. I’ve determined that by Sealing your Air Leaks and Adding Insulation to the Attic the …
In a nutshell: as the hot air escapes and rises in a home it eventually makes its way to the attic where it melts the snow off the roof. This could be why with identical looking houses one will have snow on its roof and one will not
On the Frosty Mornings when you are outside your house scraping your cars windshield to prepare for your drive to work. Take a look at the Roof of your Home. -Lack of Frost or Snow on your Roof is a sure indication that it was melted by the Heat as it rises from the Interior of your House into the Attic Area-
Frost on Roof or Lack of Frost is a sure sign…
Does the Frost or Snow cover the whole roof?
Are there places where the snow and frost melt first? (not caused by the Suns Rays)
Is there Frost and Snow on the Garage Roof but not on the House Roof?
Does your Neighbors House have Frost and Snow on their Roof- but-Your Roof Doesn’t?
Any or All the above may mean that:
Lack of Insulation In the Attic
Air Infiltration from the Interior of the House into…
This is just a basic estimate on materials made from guesses with my drawing. Without knowing exact dimensions of planned addition, materials chosen, and how you plan to finish the interior of the addition I can’t determine a cost. (use $70-$100/sq ft for Total Costs)
Home Depot Kingshighway, St Louis MO for Material Costs
The fiscal cliff is fast approaching and there’s a relatively simple way for Congress to raise some needed revenues, help the environment and satisfy taxpayers: Ending oil subsidies will help pay down the deficit by making oil companies pay their fair share…Natural Resources Defense Council
The fiscal cliff is fast approaching and there’s a relatively simple way for Congress to raise some needed revenues, help the environment and satisfy taxpayers: Ending oil subsidies will help pay down the deficit by making oil companies pay their fair share…