Do you have a Livestock Feedlot? Have you ever considered a Solar Power Feed Bunk Cover Shade for your feedlot? With a clean energy solar system such this CAD Solar System design by Scotty you will be not only providing cover and shade for your livestock when they are feeding, it will generate income from the Sun for your operation.
The Solar Feed Bunk Cover Shade in these pictures is designed with American SunPower Solar Panels, covers 4000 sq feet, and is estimated to produce 59,680 watts of clean pollution free energy (based on 230w panels that produce 14.92 w/sq ft- (Other higher Output power producing solar panels are available-I used the 230w solar panels since they were already integrated into my computer drafting program from past Solar Projects I’ve designed. To get the most bang for the buck I recommend the 300 or 400 watt solar panels )
Designing a Natural Pool with additional fish habitat area for the Sustainable Hemp Home Series.
Since the Hemp Home Designs are all about Sustainability. Why wouldn’t the pool be as well and while we are at building a natural pool we might as well incorporate a fish habitat into the natural pool design. This will allow the pool to serve as a food source in addition to the entertainment value.
Reserving at least 50 percent of your pool’s surface area for shallow plants, either at one end or in a ring around the sides, eliminates the need for chlorine and expensive filters and pumps. You’ll want to separate the swimming area of your pool and the filtration area, or plant zone (see the illustration in the image gallery).
The water needs to circulate continuously for the plants’ roots to cleanse the pool. You also may need to aerate the water so the water organisms’ oxygen needs are met.
Without adequate oxygen, your pool could become stagnant, harboring odoriferous anaerobic bacteria.
Besides cleaning the water and making your pool beautiful to behold, the shallow plant zone warms the water quickly and provides habitat for frogs and many invertebrates. They’ll appreciate the shallow water for breeding grounds and repay the favor by eating mosquito larvae.
A rim within an inch of the water’s surface keeps plants in their place but allows water from the swimming area to move to the plant zone for filtering, As water passes through the fibrous root structure of the plants, bacteria concentrated on the plants’ roots act as a biological filter, removing contaminants and excess nutrients in the water. Decomposer organisms, also found in the plants’ root zones, consume the bacteria, effectively eliminating underwater waste buildup.
Below: Hemp Wall Buttress Design adds support for the Catalan Roof Arches as well as support for the Solar Array!
Above: Hemp Wall and Catalan Vault Style Green Roof Connection Detail as suggested by Mr Greg Flavall- Hemp Technologies.
HEMP Building Expert: Mr. Greg Flavall Co-Founder / Technical Director Hemp-Technologies
Replied to My Question on Hemp Building:
I’m designing a Hempcrete home and have been looking into a Catalan Style Spanish Roof for a roof system that does not require lumber. Do you think a hempcrete product would replace the concrete the spanish masons use? I’ve started a series of articles on the planned build at: Q and A Greg Flavall Hemp Technologies
Mr. Greg Flavall Co-Founder / Technical Director Hemp-Technologies Answered:
“”having looked at your website and design I’m intrigued. Although we have not done this style of roof I do not see what lime could not do the same as cement in this application- if it were sealed correctly. Typically we are using Hemp/Lime for walls which is covered with 15-20mm of lime plaster for weather protection on a vertical plane. We install hemp/lime under the roof where it is protected as insulation and in the floor (above grade only) where it can breathe.””
Why would you not consider a green roof cover in this style, much like the Adnams Brewery project in UK completed in 2008? Seems to me a better use of area.
Scotty added from Google Search for Adnams Brewery:
I found some additional details in English at this site http://www.mexico-insights.com/judysblog/post/Brick-Lakesidee28099s-Cornerstone-Part-7-The-Roof.aspx. I am now following the author on Twitter and FB! I’ll have more info on waterproofing the roof ASAP. I will also be contacting the Hempcrete Pros for their suggestions in incorporating their product into this system.
See the Youtube Video of how these Spanish Masons Waterproof the Catalan Style Roofs:
In my quest to promote affordable sustainable buildings has lead me to discover a new building product that provides high R-value for energy efficiency and has the strength of concrete. Hempcrete the new miracle building material! Since this will be my retirement home, I realize that to make my limited budget go as far as possible I will need to be:
Net Zero in Energy Consumption and Energy Production and at the same time being
affordable to build on a limited budget.
Most everyone is aware that Living Trees are needed in removing the Carbon Dioxide from the Air and if you have been to the local lumber yard lately the prices of lumber needed to build a traditional stick built home can be astronomical for the average budget and until insulation is added to the structure they are not energy efficient.
This Hemp Home design I’m working with eliminates a great percentage of Lumber needed in the building process and provides the insulation that will make heating and cooling this home easy and will be affordable! This is the best of both worlds.
This Hemp Home Design is all about Sustainability and will not sacrifice the Comfort Levels that I require.
Hemp Home Design 1
The above photo is a Catalan or Boveda Vault Style Roof. When I watched this You Tube Video of the Spanish Masons in action; I realized that this was the solution to building a roof and ceiling with little to no lumber and it will be energy efficient and save me money on utility costs! The Exterior water proofing layer has not been added to the design at this stage so that the viewer can the Masonry Work that comprises the Catalan Vault Style Roof System.
Hemp Home-Water Recycling-Water Collection System
The roof also will act as a Water Collection System that allows me to capture and store Rain Water for use in the Hemp Home. When a filter is added it can also act to provide the clean water needed for cooking, cleaning, and drinking.
The CAD drawing below is option 1 for the layout and design of the Hemp Home. My girl has already pointed out that I left out: Additional Bedrooms for Visitors and a Fireplace for heat- Luckily we’re in the design stage and not in the build stage of the Hemp Home. I’m sure this floor plan will change as we narrow down our needs and must haves.
Hemp Home Room List
2 Bedrooms- 1 Master Bedroom and 1 spare bedroom
1 1/2 Baths
Mechanical Room-Water Collection Point, HVAC Air Handler, Solar Inverter, Storage, Radiant Floor Heating
Dining Room / Living Room
Kitchen with Eat In counter
NOTE: These are not my final design plans stay tuned for additions and alterations to this Hemp Home Design as well as Build Notes on how and why I’ve chosen to build my future home with Hempcrete.
The fast growing Hemp Plant will enable me to Grow and Build a Hemp Home in 2 years!
My plans are to build this home in a rural setting where I can plant and grow a field of hemp to build this home. (If we decide to build in a City Setting I will purchase the Natural Hemp Fibers). While the Hemp is growing in the first year I will build the Stone – Rock Foundation for the home. After the Hemp field has grown, harvested, and prepped for building- I can then start building the walls of the home with a move in date in year 2!
If Hemp Building isn’t a solution to replacing the lumber needed for
building an energy efficient home I don’t know what is! Scotty
This type of Vaulted Roof Building is not new- Spanish Masons have been building these type of structures for years. See Mexico Insights:
Facts, Figures, Folklore & Fiestas at: http://www.mexico-insights.com/judysblog/post/Brick-Lakesidee28099s-Cornerstone-Part-7-The-Roof.aspx
My retirement home will be a Hemp Home! I feel a Hemp Home addresses the main issue facing mankind today co2 emissions without sacrificing comfort needed in both energy and lifestyle choices.
To ensure that my retirement income will provide the needed security as I age in place my hemp home will enable me to use natural resources in the building of the energy efficient structure-controlling costs in the build and the future energy costs.
Taking pointers from the first American Settlers: I will build my home from the land and use as many natural resources as possible.
I will use stones and rocks in the building of the Rubble Foundation that will support the Hemp Wall Construction.
I will grow and harvest the Hemp needed to build the walls-using Hempcrete-a natural lime based binder.
I plan to use a combination of Post and Beam – Timber Frame Construction techniques.
Canadian Solar Panels for electricity
Comfort-Sustainability-Natural Resources-Are just 3 areas that critical attention is given to in this sustainable design.
Netzero or better energy production from Solar Panels for electricity needs
Rainwater and Greywater Recycling for water need
Energy Conscious Build Technique
Rainwater and Greywater Recycling
Electric Radiant Floor Heating
Hempcrete will be utilized in the flooring and walls.
Hemp Building addresses the issue that plagues traditional building techniques when the cost of carbon emissions is factored into the manufacturing process of the needed building materials. Scotty
p dir=”ltr” style=”padding-left:30px;”>I’ve been toying around with using the Catalan Vault Constructionbuild technique of Spanish Masons to construct the roof. [When I watched this youtube video of the Spanish Masons I realized that I can reduce the lumber needed to construct the roof and then by adding a slurry of hempcrete to the top of the roof I will have the strength needed to protect my home from the elements and provided the water barrier needed.]
To be continued- future posts will include: Design Plans, Material Lists, Hemp growing techniques, Hemp Harvesting, Timberframe construction, Hempwall Building, and more.
Day 5 in the Benton Rehab Roof Project uncovered some interesting hidden gems in the roof system. In the photos below you can view the extensive tree Stump and Root Ball that started out as a sapling years ago and was left to its own accord.
However, this is not always the case, a root can also be aerial (growing above the … synthesise cytokinin, which acts as a signal as to how fast the shoots cangrow. …. Tree roots normally grow…Tree Root
All the Brick Buildings in the photos above are from StLouis Brick Buildings that have been seriously neglected. With a yearly maintenance plan the costs to repair Tree Damage could have been eliminated if the Tree Sapling would have been removed.
FOR THOSE WHO HAVE NOT BEEN FOLLOWING THE PATH OF THE SOLAR POWERED AIRPLANE, SOLAR IMPULSE. THE SOLAR POWERED AIRPLANE SAFELY LANDED IN STLOUIS AT LAMBERT AIRPORT LAST NIGHT-AFTER A 21 HOUR 21 MINUTE FLIGHT!
Come and see Solar Impulse’s solar airplane, HB-SIA, at Lambert – St. Louis International Airport.
Keeping the pilot awake- Bertrand landed at Lambert-St. Louis International airport at 01:28 AM CDT (UTC-5), Tuesday June 4th, completing hislongest ever flight (21 hours 21 minutes).
The mobile hangar, a concept developed by Solar Impulse and being used for the first time during a mission, is setup and waiting to welcome the solar aircraft in its cocoon as soon as the Ground Crew haul it off the runway. This inflatable hangar was deployed after the one provided by Lambert-St. Louis was rendered inoperable by violent storms that struck the city and the airport this past weekend.
St. Louis was chosen as the destination for the third leg of this Across America mission for historic and symbolic reasons. St. Louis is best known for the “Spirit of St. Louis” who, piloted by Charles Lindbergh in 1927 completed the first non-stop flight from New York to Paris. This flight was made possible by St. Louis businessmen including the namesake of Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, Albert Bond Lambert.
During today’s flight, there were a couple of memorable calls from the ground to the cockpit. This first one was from Erik Lindbergh, Charles’ grandson. They had a chance to discuss the importance of exploration and of inspiring younger generations to take a chance and become pioneers of and for the future. They also got to exchange thoughts on the future of aviation while they spoke about meeting again in Washington D.C. at the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum under Erik’s grandfather’s “Spirit of St. Louis” and Bertrand’s “Breitling Orbiter”.
The other call was from Alan Nichols, President of the Explorer’s Club. He said he wished he could be up there, with Bertrand. At every stopover, chapters of the Explorer’s Club organized visits to see the solar airplane and they will hold a reception for Solar Impulse in New York City. Flag n°50 of the Club is travelling with André and Bertrand Across America – The same flag travelled to Morocco onboard HB-SIA during the 2012 Crossing Frontiers mission.
The best part of the flight, however, was the incredible response rate we got from Solar Impulse supporters who took to heart the call to “Keep the Pilot Awake”. A campaign launched by our Social Media and Community Engagement manager, Elâ Borschberg, over 600 people (and counting) responded with words of encouragement, via email, to the pilot and, more importantly, jokes to make him laugh.
I strongly urge everyone who is involved in remodeling, retrofitting, weatherizing, or any other construction related project with a StLouis Building review and practice these must do activities when working on the typical StLouis brick or masonry building.
Improper Building or Retrofitting Techniques could lead to: Respiratory Problems, Indoor Pollution, Combustion from Natural Gas Appliances, as well as the further deterioration of your brick building.
In the preceding post on-Less Weight Equals More Horsepower I used the comparison on how the US Automakers figured out how to make our Automobiles use less gas by lightening the vehicles weights which increased horsepower which equates into less Petrol needed for operation and how the same principles can be applied to a Buildings Energy Use and Needs. The principles I will be blogging about applies to any building-Residential or Commercial and can be used to give your Bank Account More Horsepower!
Lets start by going room by room and looking around at all the Gadgets/Appliances that are using electricity. Simple DIY Energy Audits -that anyone can perform on your building. Keep in Mind the Following two bullet points when Inspecting the Gadgets and Appliances.
What Gadgets or Appliances in your building are always on and consuming energy? This is Vampire Power [i].
Rule of Thumb? “ If your appliances are old enough to Vote it needs replaced with a newer Energy Star Appliance. [ii] ”
Here are examples of my energy use for my buildings for my DIY Energy Audit Home Office Location (Home Office).
I performed a Room by Room walk-thru inspecting taking notes of everything that used electricity. (When I’m performing a Computerized Energy Audit using Equest Software I log the information into the program and it does the math for me plus outlines areas for improvement with ROI for all costs involved.) But we’re going Old School on this Energy Audit and you will only need a basic calculator or pen and notepad.
The Benefits of Performing an Old School Energy Audit by hand and figuring things by hand is the A-Hah Moment of Energy Use- you will gain a greater understanding of:
watts of energy, kilo watts, how watts and kilowatts translate into dollars.
Time in UseHrs / day
Electricity UsedMeasured in watts
Vampire PowerYes or No
FORMULA FOR ESTIMATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION
(Wattage × Hours Used Per Day= total watts )
Cost to Operate in St Louis using Ameren UE combined electricity rate plus service fees =.11/w1 kilowatt (kW) = 1,000 Watts (total watts ÷ 1000 = Daily Kilowatt-hour (kWh) consumption) x $.11= Amount in $.
Bedroom 1(hours per day spent sleeping 8.7)
2-Lights- 3 bulbs ave 65 W
Bedroom 2 [which has dual functions in my Residence as Home Office and
Lights-1 overhead with 2 light bulbs-2 desktop lights Ave W of 40×3= 120 w
CPU – awake / asleep = 120 / 30 or less
Monitor – awake / asleep = 150 / 30 or less
Laptop = 50
Radio (stereo) = 70–400
Refrigerator (frost-free, 16 cubic feet) = 725
19″ = 65–110
27″ = 113
36″ = 133
53″ – 61″ Projection = 170
Flat screen = 120
Toaster = 800–1400
Toaster oven = 1225
VCR/DVD = 17–21 / 20–25
Vacuum cleaner = 1000–1440
Water heater (40 gallon) = 4500–5500
Water pump (deep well) = 250–1100
Water bed (with heater, no cover) = 120–380
FORMULA FOR ESTIMATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION-Use this formula to estimate an appliance’s energy use:
(Wattage × Hours Used Per Day) ÷ 1000 = Daily Kilowatt-hour (kWh) consumption
1 kilowatt (kW) = 1,000 Watts
Multiply this by the number of days you use the appliance during the year for the annual consumption in kWh per year.
ESTIMATING ANNUAL COST TO RUN AN APPLIANCE
Multiply the annual consumption in kWh per year (that you calculated above) by your local utility’s rate per kWh consumed to calculate the annual cost to run an appliance. Note: To estimate the number of hours that a refrigerator actually operates at its maximum wattage, divide the total time the refrigerator is plugged in by three. Refrigerators, although turned “on” all the time, actually cycle on and off as needed to maintain interior temperatures.