Solar PanelsA solar panel (also solar module, photovoltaic module or photovoltaic panel) is a packaged, connected assembly of photovoltaic cells. The solar panel can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each panel is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions, and typically ranges from 100 to 320 watts. The efficiency of a panel determines the area of a panel given the same rated output – an 8% efficient 230 watt panel will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt panel. Because a single solar panel can produce only a limited amount of power, most installations contain multiple panels. A photovoltaic system typically includes an array of solar panels, an inverter, and sometimes abattery and or solar tracker and interconnection wiring.
Smart MeterMonitoring and meteringThe metering must be able to accumulate energy units in both directions or two meters must be used. Many meters accumulate bidirectionally, some systems use two meters, but a unidirectional meter (with detent) will not accumulate energy from any resultant feed into the grid.In some countries, for installations over 30kWp a frequency and a voltage monitor with disconnection of all phases is required. This is done to prevent supplying excess power to the grid, in the unusual case where more solar power is being generated than can be accommodated by the utility, and can not either be exported or stored. Grid operators historically have needed to provide transmission lines and generation capacity. Now they need to also provide storage. This is normally hydro-storage, but other means of storage are used. Initially storage was used so that baseload generators could operate at full output. With variable renewable energy, storage is needed to allow power generation whenever it is available, and consumption whenever it is needed. The two variables a grid operator have are storing electricity for when it is needed, or transmitting it to where it is needed. If both of those fail, installations over 30kWp can automatically shut done, although in practice all inverters maintain voltage regulation and stop supplying power if the load is inadequate. Grid operators have the option of curtailing excess generation from large systems, although this is more commonly done with wind power than solar power, and results in a substantial loss of revenue. Inverters have the unique option of supplying reactive power which can be advantageous in matching load requirements.
Many of the CSP designs on the Market today “create steam to generate electricity”. This design will create electricity efficiently via Photo-voltaic Cells in the receiver; thus eliminating the need for Steam Engines. It also generates heat to be used in the Heat Recovery Unit (twice as much usable energy for today’s home and business).
Heat Recovery Unit incorporates an automatic air handler set by thermostat for transferring climatically controlled air movement.
This design works exceptionally well during the winter time when the sun’s radiation is at it lowest radiation level. Concentrated Solar Power will soon be available for non-desert regions and easily adaptable for any region.
Seeking Assistance to further Develop this CSP Design2. Please use the Contact Form Below for additional info and Scotty, Scotts Contracting will reply ASAP.