Category Archives: Scotts Contracting

Designing a Natural Pool with Fish Habitat

Natural Pool Design Trees 1 b

Designing a Natural Pool with additional fish habitat area for the Sustainable Hemp Home Series.

Top View Natural Pool Design with Fish Habitat
Top View Natural Pool Design with Fish Habitat

Since the Hemp Home Designs are all about Sustainability.  Why wouldn’t the pool be as well and while we are at building a natural pool we might as well incorporate a fish habitat into the natural pool design.  This will allow the pool to serve as a food source in addition to the entertainment value.

Birdseye view Natural Swimming Pool Design
Birdseye view Natural Swimming Pool Design

Tips for natural pools supplied by Mother Earth News

Design Information

  • Reserving at least 50 percent of your pool’s surface area for shallow plants, either at one end or in a ring around the sides, eliminates the need for chlorine and expensive filters and pumps. You’ll want to separate the swimming area of your pool and the filtration area, or plant zone (see the illustration in the image gallery).
  • The water needs to circulate continuously for the plants’ roots to cleanse the pool. You also may need to aerate the water so the water organisms’ oxygen needs are met.
Without adequate oxygen, your pool could become stagnant, harboring odoriferous anaerobic bacteria.
  • Besides cleaning the water and making your pool beautiful to behold, the shallow plant zone warms the water quickly and provides habitat for frogs and many invertebrates. They’ll appreciate the shallow water for breeding grounds and repay the favor by eating mosquito larvae.

  • A rim within an inch of the water’s surface keeps plants in their place but allows water from the swimming area to move to the plant zone for filtering, As water passes through the fibrous root structure of the plants, bacteria concentrated on the plants’ roots act as a biological filter, removing contaminants and excess nutrients in the water. Decomposer organisms, also found in the plants’ root zones, consume the bacteria, effectively eliminating underwater waste buildup.

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Hemp Home Collection By Scotty

Hemp Home Birds Eye View 2
Hemp Home Complete Birds Eye View 2

Read and See more CAD Photos and Design Illustrations for this Industrial Hemp 4 Bedroom Home that showcases Sustainable Construction Design at St Louis Renewable Energy Hemp Home Design Collection.

Collection of Hemp Home Design CAD Drawing photos showcasing the sustainable lifestyle that this net zero energy efficient home, gardens, pergola, solar panels, solar water heating, pool, garage, safe room, basement, fireplace, 4 bedroom, 2 bath…

hemp-home-stucco-birds-eye
hemp-home-stucco-birds-eye
Hemp Home Complete Birds Eye View 3
Hemp Home Complete Birds Eye View 3
Hemp Home Stucco Finish 1
Hemp Home Stucco Finish 1
Hemp Home Neighbors View
Hemp Home Neighbors View
Hemp Home Side Yard Stucoo
Hemp Home Side Yard Stucco
Hemp Home Pergola Arbor Garden Feature
Hemp Home Pergola Arbor Garden Feature
Hemp Home Rear Street View
Hemp Home Rear Street View
Hemp Home Rooftop Back Yard View
Hemp Home Rooftop Back Yard View

Industrial Hemp Home CAD designs by Scotty-Energy Efficient Post Frame and Hempcrete creating a Net Zero- Energy Efficient Sustainable 4 Bedroom 2 Bath, Gardens, Pool, Basement, Safe Room, Green Roof, Sky Lights, Dual Pane Windows, Fireplace, Hardwood Floors, Radiant Heating, Indoor Garden, Hedge, Landscaping, Water Features 

Read and See more CAD Photos and Design Illustrations for this Industrial Hemp Home “Sustainable Construction” Design at Scottys Website St Louis Renewable Energy Hemp Home Design Collection.

Background on Industrial Hemp Building:

Builders have been building Homes and Commercial Buildings using this design in Europe for many years now. With the legalization of Industrial Hemp in the USA. Now Americans can adopt this Sustainable Building practice into our designs to create homes that can grow and be built in 2 years.

In this example of Hemp Building I’ve eliminated much of the excess lumber that is not needed in the build because of the Post Frame Structure. When the Natural Lime and Hemp Fibers are mixed together it creates a concrete like material that is also high in insulation value- you get the best of both worlds:

  • A strong and durable Building that is also energy efficient that can withstand the abuse from the elements.
  • This Natural product that can also be grown most anywhere in the USA.

Thank you for checking out the CAD designs on the use of Industrial Hemp for creating an Energy Efficient Home.  

If I can assist you in your quest to design or build using this type of construction technique utilizing hemp or other natural green building products drop me a line and let me know. Scotty

Hemp Home Post Frame Lateral Loading

Hemp Home Design Post Frame Structure Wind and Earthquake Resistant Design by Scotty
Hemp Home Design-Post Frame Structure-Wind and Earthquake Resistant  

Post Frame Wood Structure Design-Industrial Hemp Wall Construction

Its all about Energy Efficiency and Conserving Natural Resources when using a Post Frame Building option with the added benefit: Post Frame Buildings are also Wind and Earthquake Resistant.

  •  Lateral Loading caused by Severe Storms and Earthquakes
    • The design of buildings must account for wind loads, and these are affected by wind shear. For engineering purposes, a power law wind speed profile may be defined as follows:

      power law wind speed profile may be defined as follows

      where:

      \ v_{z} = speed of the wind at height \ z
      \ v_{g} = gradient wind at gradient height \ z_{g}
      \ \alpha  = exponential coefficient
Post Frame - Lateral Design - Building Diaphragm
Post Frame provides lateral load resistance, creating a unique building diaphragm that makes the light wood frame comparable in strength to light steel and concrete structures.

 

Summing all the above  information up:  Lateral Loading on a Building is the pressure caused by Wind on the Sides and Roof of a Building.  Which is especially important to me since the buildings location will be in the Midwest which is also Tornado Alley and I do not want to be forced to rebuild after a Severe Storm.

Rear Stair Way for Rooftop Access is also the addition of a Modified Flying Buttress that resists the lateral forces pushing a wall outwards (which may arise from stone vaulted ceilings or from wind-loading on roofs) by redirecting the Lateral Forces to the ground.
Rear Stair Way for Rooftop Access is also the addition of a Modified Flying Buttress that resists the lateral forces pushing a wall outwards (which may arise from stone vaulted ceilings or from wind-loading on roofs) by redirecting the Lateral Forces to the ground.

What the untrained eye might see as a Rear Stair Way for Rooftop Access is also the addition of a Modified Buttress that resists the lateral forces pushing a wall outwards (which may arise from stone vaulted ceilings or from wind-loading on roofs) by redirecting the Lateral Forces to the ground.

  • buttress is an architectural structure built against or projecting from a wall which serves to support or reinforce the wall. Buttresses are fairly common on more ancient buildings, as a means of providing support to act against the lateral (sideways) forces arising out of the roof structures that lack adequate bracing.

Read More on Lateral Loading at: Engineering Diaphragms (see ASAE EP 484.1 and APA Design/Construction Guide: Diaphragms)

Here is a sneak peek of the next post in the Designing Hemp Home Series

Hemp Home Backyard Birds Eye View
Hemp Home Backyard Birds Eye View

 

 

Hemp Home Catalan Vaulted Style Roof Waterproofing

In the previous post I have been illustrating how I plan to build the Roof System for the Net Zero Hemp Home.  This post shows how I plan to both Insulate the Catalan Vault Style Roof System and make it water proof.

Solar Array and White Roof Water Proofing on Catalan Vault Type Roof Structure
Solar Array and White Roof Water Proofing on Catalan Vault Type Roof Structure on Scottys Hemp Home
Hemp Home Second Roof Design with Natural Lighting Added
Hemp Home Second Roof Design with Natural Lighting Added
Hemp Home Catalan Vault Style Roof Waterproofing Detail
Hemp Home Catalan Vault Style Roof Waterproofing Detail

I found some additional details in English at this site http://www.mexico-insights.com/judysblog/post/Brick-Lakesidee28099s-Cornerstone-Part-7-The-Roof.aspx.  I am now following the author on Twitter and FB!  I’ll have more info on waterproofing the roof ASAP.  I will also be contacting the Hempcrete Pros for their suggestions in incorporating their product into this system.

 

See the Youtube Video of how these Spanish Masons Waterproof the Catalan Style Roofs:

Layer on vault compreión Gausa

Designing My Hemp Home

My goal is simple: Net Zero and Affordable

In my quest to promote affordable sustainable buildings has lead me to discover a new building product that provides high R-value for energy efficiency and has the strength of concrete.  Hempcrete the new miracle building material!  Since this will be my retirement home, I realize that to make my limited budget go as far as possible I will need to be:

Net Zero in Energy Consumption and Energy Production and at the same time being

affordable to build on a limited budget.

Most everyone is aware that Living Trees are needed in removing the Carbon Dioxide from the Air and if  you have been to the local lumber yard lately the prices of lumber needed to build a traditional stick built home can be astronomical for the average budget and until insulation is added to the structure they are not energy efficient.

This Hemp Home design I’m working with eliminates a great percentage of Lumber needed in the building process and provides the insulation that will make heating and cooling this home easy and will be affordable!  This is the best of both worlds.

 This Hemp Home Design is all about Sustainability and will not sacrifice the Comfort Levels that I require.

Hemp Home Design 1
Hemp Home with Catalan Style Roof- No Lumber Needed!
Hemp Home with Catalan Style Roof- “No Lumber Needed for Roof Structure”
  • The above photo is a Catalan or Boveda Vault Style Roof.  When I watched this You Tube Video of the Spanish Masons in action; I realized that this was the solution to building a roof and ceiling with little to no lumber and it will be energy efficient and save me money on utility costs!   The Exterior water proofing layer has not been added to the design at this stage so that the viewer can the Masonry Work that comprises the Catalan Vault Style Roof System.
Skylights in Boveda Style Ceiling- IMO The best looking ceiling on the market!
Skylights in Boveda Style Ceiling- IMO The best looking ceiling on the market!

Hemp Home-Water Recycling-Water Collection System

The roof also will act as a Water Collection System that allows me to capture and store Rain Water for use in the Hemp Home.  When a filter is added it can also act to provide the clean water needed for cooking, cleaning, and drinking.

The CAD drawing below is option 1 for the layout and design of the Hemp Home.  My girl has already pointed out that I left out: Additional Bedrooms for Visitors and a Fireplace for heat- Luckily we’re in the design stage and not in the build stage of the Hemp Home.  I’m sure this floor plan will change as we narrow down our needs and must haves.

Hemp Home Design 1 by Scotty

Hemp Home Room List

  • 2 Bedrooms- 1 Master Bedroom and 1 spare bedroom
  • 1 1/2 Baths
  • Mechanical Room-Water Collection Point, HVAC Air Handler, Solar Inverter, Storage, Radiant Floor Heating
  • Green House
  • Mud Room
  • Dining Room / Living Room
  • Kitchen with Eat In counter

NOTE: These are not my final design plans stay tuned for additions and alterations to this Hemp Home Design as well as Build Notes on how and why I’ve chosen to build my future home with Hempcrete.

The fast growing  Hemp Plant will enable me to Grow and Build a Hemp Home in 2 years!

My plans are to build this home in a rural setting where I can plant and grow a field of hemp to build this home. (If we decide to build in a City Setting I will purchase the Natural Hemp Fibers).  While the Hemp is growing in the first year I will build the Stone – Rock Foundation for the home.   After the Hemp field has grown, harvested, and prepped for building- I can then start building the walls of the home with a move in date in year 2!

If Hemp Building isn’t a solution to replacing the lumber needed for

building an energy efficient home I don’t know what is! Scotty

This type of Vaulted Roof Building is not new- Spanish Masons have been building these type of structures for years.  See Mexico Insights:
Facts, Figures, Folklore & Fiestas
 at: http://www.mexico-insights.com/judysblog/post/Brick-Lakesidee28099s-Cornerstone-Part-7-The-Roof.aspx

2013 Review-Popular Blog Posts-Poll for 2014

2013 annual stat report for Scotts Contracting-StLouis Renewable Energy

This blog was viewed about 27,000 times in 2013. If it were a concert at Sydney Opera House, it would take about 10 sold-out performances for that many people to see it.

Click here to see the complete report.

Are there any topics you would like covered in 2014?

Take the Poll and let me know.

 

My Best to You and Yours in the Coming Year!

Here are some of my favorites from 2013

StLouis Brick Home Hempcrete Insulation Retrofit

Design by Scotty-St.Louis Brick Home Hempcrete Exterior Insulation Retrofit CAD Design

Hempcrete Brick Wall Retrofit Estimated RValues

  • 4 Inch Layer of Hempcrete = R14.2
  • Multi Wythe St Louis Brick Building= R5
  • Total Wall RValue=19.2
Image
Hempcrete Brick Wall Retrofit Estimated RValues
4 Inch Layer of Hempcrete = R14.2
Multi Wythe St Louis Brick Building= R5
Total Wall RValue=19.2

My latest quest to Build a Green St.Louis by retrofitting the Brick Buildings located in the St.Louis Region.

Hempcrete Brick Wall Retrofit
Designed by Scotty- Stucco Like Finish Coat for Hempcrete Brick Wall Retrofit

Why Hempcrete and not other forms of insulation?

HempCrete Exterior Brick Wall Rebar Detail
Brick Wall 2’0 Rebar Reinforcement Detail
  1. Hemp Plant Fibers are a natural product that can be grown and sourced from Missouri Farmers.
  2. Hempcrete is as strong as Concrete with less damaging effects to our climate and provides a High RValue
  3. Adds Structural Reinforcement

HempCrete Exterior Brick Wall Dowel Pin Detail

The politics of bringing this product hempcrete product to market and grown locally I feel will be an uphill battle...until that time I suggest substituting Kenaf Plant Fibers instead of Hemp Plant Fibers.  Stay Tuned for more information.  Scotty 12-20-2013 Greg Flavall replied: “Bath Uni in UK have done extensive research across all waste cellulose including knaf and flax etc but hemp is the only hygroscopic cellulose that performs for insulation” 

Greg Flavall
Co-Founder / Technical Director

71 Brougham Street

New Plymouth 4310
New Zealand
Skype: galrfai8
Mr Greg Flaval has these suggestions:
  1. Depending on age of buildings u can ascertain whether lime mortar was used or cement. Older buildings used lime in which case u could add hemp/lime “plaster ” to exterior or interior to increase efficiency as we have done many times in Europe. If cement forget it; you’re asking for problems.
  2. In UK we have had problems in the early days adding hempcrete to cement mortared brick clad buildings bc they do not breathe and the hemp has deteriorated;…
  3. Also u can use an alkali resistant mesh cloth embedded into the Hempcrete for added flexural strength and no need for steel reinforcing unless you are horizontally affixing steel plates to retain brick structure

I’ll have additional details to add soon.  Scotty

added: 3/2/14 via: Hemp Technologies: High Thermal Resistance (R-Value = 2.5 – 3.0 per inch)

Tree Damage Repair and Brick Buildings

I’m a tree lover until they are damaging StLouis Brick and Masonry buildings.  When I get a call to repair the Damage- Scotts Contracting Gets to the Root of the Problem!

 

Here is a collection of projects and photos of Tree Damage Repair photos completed by Scotts Contracting-StLouis, MO.


Benton Rehab Tree Root Experiment and Damage Update

Day 5 in the Benton Rehab Roof Project uncovered some interesting hidden gems in the roof system.  In the photos below you can view the extensive tree Stump and Root Ball that started out as a sapling years ago and was left to its own accord.


However, this is not always the case, a root can also be aerial (growing above the … synthesise cytokinin, which acts as a signal as to how fast the shoots cangrow. …. Tree roots normally grow…Tree Root

 

  • All the Brick Buildings in the photos above are from StLouis Brick Buildings that have been seriously neglected.  With a yearly maintenance plan the costs to repair Tree Damage could have been eliminated if the Tree Sapling would have been removed.

Eliminating Tree-Tree Roots from a Brick Building

Getting to the Root of the Problem

Do You Need Help with a Tree Growing in your Brick Wall? Scotts Contracting will get to the Root of the Problem!

Photo collection of Removing a Tree from a Masonry Brick Wall in StLouis and repairing the damage the Tree Roots had caused  to the Brick Building.

Do You Need Help with a Tree Growing in your Brick Wall? Scotts Contracting will get to the Root of the Problem!
Do You Need Help with a Tree Growing in your Brick Wall? Scotts Contracting will get to the Root of the Problem!
Side View showing Bulge in Brick Wall  caused by the Trees Root System
Side View showing Bulge in Brick Wall
caused by the Trees Root System
Outer Course of Brick Wall removed exposing the Trees Root System
Outer Course of Brick Wall removed
exposing over 8feet Tree Root System
Getting to the Root of the Problem
Getting to the Root of the Problem

The crew guesstimates that this Tree had been growing in the brick wall for at least 5 years and had been previously cut at least one time prior to this permanent fix.

When  we  are  finished  this  tree  will  never  grow  again-Scotty

Getting to the Root of the Problem
is the first step.  Repairing the Masonry Brick Wall is the next step.  Stay Tuned for the upcoming Green Blog Posts that will be published June 2013.

Solar Impulse Lands in StLouis Lambert Field

FOR THOSE WHO HAVE NOT BEEN FOLLOWING THE PATH OF THE SOLAR POWERED AIRPLANE, SOLAR IMPULSE.  THE SOLAR POWERED AIRPLANE SAFELY LANDED IN STLOUIS AT LAMBERT AIRPORT LAST NIGHT-AFTER A 21 HOUR 21 MINUTE FLIGHT!

reposted from Green Blog at: http://stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/2013/06/solar-impulse-lands-in-stlouis-lambert.html

Solar Impulse Visit at Lambert – St. Louis Int Airport – 6-7th of June 2013

Solar Impulse St Louis, MO

With the severe weather we have been having in the region lately, I have been concerned for the planes and pilots safety for this monumental occasion.  I’m sure that there was some turbulence that the pilot and staff were forced to navigate on the 3rd Leg of the Journey across America from Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas to Lambert Field in StLouis.  Nevertheless the plane landed safely and can be viewed at the impromptu hanger that was built for the solar powered plane-41 Banshee Rd 63145

Time Line of the Trip Flight: Dallas KDFW – St. Louis KSTL
  • Pilot: Bertrand Piccard, Initiator and Chairman
    Take off time: June 3nd 04:06AM CDT (UTC-5)
    Landing time: June 4th 01:28AM CDT (UTC-5)
    Flight duration: 21h21min
    Average ground speed: 49 km/h (26.3 kt)
    Highest altitude reached: 7,315 m(24,000 ft)
    Flight Distance: 1040 km (~562 NM)

Here is a link to the directions / map for the Solar Impulse viewing at the Lambert Field 

  • Directions:
    • Take 1-170 to Exit 9A Airport Rd.
    • Go west to McDonnell Blvd.
    • Go north (right) to Banshee Rd.
    • Go west (left) on Banshee for approximately .6 miles
    • Signs will be in place at event entrance.
41 Banshee Road, StLouis MO 63145

Viewing Times Thursday and Friday-6-7th of June 2013- While the viewing is free pre-registration is required.

Solar Impulse

SOLAR IMPULSE VISIT AT LAMBERT – ST. LOUIS INT AIRPORT – THURSDAY 6TH OF JUNE 2013

St Louis | View map
Come and see Solar Impulse’s solar airplane, HB-SIA, at Lambert – St. Louis International Airport.
Solar Impulse

SOLAR IMPULSE VISIT AT LAMBERT – ST. LOUIS INT AIRPORT – FRIDAY 7TH OF JUNE 2013

St Louis | View map
Come and see Solar Impulse’s solar airplane, HB-SIA, at Lambert – St. Louis International Airport.

Keeping the pilot awake- Bertrand landed at Lambert-St. Louis International airport at 01:28 AM CDT (UTC-5), Tuesday June 4th, completing hislongest ever flight (21 hours 21 minutes).
The mobile hangar, a concept developed by Solar Impulse and being used for the first time during a mission, is setup and waiting to welcome the solar aircraft in its cocoon as soon as the Ground Crew haul it off the runway. This inflatable hangar was deployed after the one provided by Lambert-St. Louis was rendered inoperable by violent storms that struck the city and the airport this past weekend.
St. Louis was chosen as the destination for the third leg of this Across America mission for historic and symbolic reasons. St. Louis is best known for the “Spirit of St. Louis” who, piloted by Charles Lindbergh in 1927 completed the first non-stop flight from New York to Paris. This flight was made possible by St. Louis businessmen including the namesake of Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, Albert Bond Lambert.
During today’s flight, there were a couple of memorable calls from the ground to the cockpit. This first one was from Erik Lindbergh, Charles’ grandson. They had a chance to discuss the importance of exploration and of inspiring younger generations to take a chance and become pioneers of and for the future. They also got to exchange thoughts on the future of aviation while they spoke about meeting again in Washington D.C. at the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum under Erik’s grandfather’s “Spirit of St. Louis” and Bertrand’s “Breitling Orbiter”.
The other call was from Alan Nichols, President of the Explorer’s Club. He said he wished he could be up there, with Bertrand. At every stopover, chapters of the Explorer’s Club organized visits to see the solar airplane and they will hold a reception for Solar Impulse in New York City. Flag n°50 of the Club is travelling with André and Bertrand Across America – The same flag travelled to Morocco onboard HB-SIA during the 2012 Crossing Frontiers mission.
The best part of the flight, however, was the incredible response rate we got from Solar Impulse supporters who took to heart the call to “Keep the Pilot Awake”. A campaign launched by our Social Media and Community Engagement manager, Elâ Borschberg, over 600 people (and counting) responded with words of encouragement, via email, to the pilot and, more importantly, jokes to make him laugh.

In keeping with the green and eco friendly nature of theSolar Powered Plane I plan to take my girls grand-kids to the event via the StLouis Metro Transit use the Metro Trip Planner for a green alternative to view the Solar Powered Plane.

 

Stay Tuned for Further Details on the #Solar Powered Airplanes StLouis Visit.

Thank you for stopping by St Louis Renewable Energy. Feel free to comment in the section below or contact Scotts Contracting- St Louis Home Improvement Projects and Energy Reducing Needs Get Your Green Building Tips and Resources at St Louis Renewable Energy Green Blog